LIMBERIS N.Yu., MARCHENKO I.I. Two Catacombs of Late Sarmatian Time From Pashkovsky Burial Mound no. 2

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2015.5.12

Natalya Yuryevna Limberis

Senior Researcher, Research Institute for Archaeology,

Kuban State University

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Stavropolskaya St., 149, 350040 Krasnodar, Russian Federation

Ivan Ivanovich Marchenko

Candidate of Sciences (History), Professor, Department of Archaeology, Ethnology, Ancient and Medieval History,

Kuban State University

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Stavropolskaya St., 149, 350040 Krasnodar, Russian Federation


Abstract. The article deals with two burials from the Kuban basin region excavated in Pashkovsky burial mound no. 2 belonging to Maeotian Pashkovskoe ancient settlement. The burials were made in catacombs of similar construction and orientation. The narrow grave entrances and grave chambers are situated in-line. The grave chambers of the catacombs adjoin one other that probably was the reason for plunder of a little earlier burial no. 2. There were the complete horse skeleton, the cow skull and the sheep chap in the grave entrance ofthe catacomb no. 2. A skeleton of a man (about 50 years old) was in extended supine position diagonally across the grave chamber, his scull had SSW orientation. Grave goods found near the buried man include the gray-clay bowl and the mug-jar, the iron spearhead, the long sword and the dagger, the bit with wheel-shaped cheek-pieces, the sickle, the knives and the shoe buckles, the glass bead, the chalk rock bead, the bronze buckle and fibula. 

The catacomb no. 2 plundered in ancient times situated north-ward of the first one, the southern border of the grave chamber is partially cutted by catacomb no. 1. In the grave entrance of the catacomb no. 1 there were the remains of the horse skeleton and the sheep skull. Grave goods scattered in grave chamber included the gray-clay bowl, pieces of chalk, the bronze ring, fragments of the iron buckle, rod, hasp, silver temple ring, bronze escutcheon for the box lock, the iron snap-up loop and fragments of silver flacon with a cover.

Late Sarmatian burial rites and grave goods give evidence of the belonging these burials to spokesmen of the equestrian order. The chronological range of the burials stays within terms from the second half of 2nd to the middle of 3rd century A.D. The lower date of the catacomb no. 1 turns toward the end of the 2nd century A.D., the upper date is limited by the first half of the 3rd century A.D. The catacomb no. 2 is stratigraphically older. The eques status of the buried man from the catacomb no. 1 is confirmed by anthropology data. It may be connected with great probability with the Sarmatians settled in the Maeotian hillforts.

Key words: Kuban basin, Maeotians, Sarmatians, ground burial mound, catacomb, sword, fibula.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Two Catacombs of Late Sarmatian Time From Pashkovsky Burial Mound no. 2 by Limberis N.Yu., Marchenko I.I. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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