KRIVOSHEEV M.V., LUKPANOVA Ya.A. Late Sarmatian Elite Military Burial From the Southern Urals


Mikhail Vasilyevich Krivosheev

Candidate of Sciences (History),

Assistant Professor, Department of Archaeology, Foreign History and Tourism,

Volgograd State University

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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Yana Amangeldievna Lukpanova

Researcher, West-Kazakhstan Center of History and Archaeology

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Prosp. Dostyk, 184, 090000 Uralsk, Kazakhstan

Abstract. The article is devoted to the burial of a warrior of Late Sarmatian time from the Southern Urals. The complex from mound no. 4 of the burial mound Taksai I is distinguished by large size of barrow and grave. The reconstructed height of the mound was less than 2 meters. The depth of the burial pit was more than 3 meters. For Late Sarmatian culture such dimensions of sepulchral structures are unique. Under the mound the ritual platform from mainland soil was discovered. The found inventory of a warrior-rider included: horse bridle, a set of bladed weapons consisting of a long sword, dagger and knife, as well as a small bronze cauldron. Analysis of inventory allows us to date this burial to the second half of the 3rd century A.D. This burial belongs to an elite funerary complexes of Late Sarmatian culture and is a burial of professional warriors. This social stratum was formed in Late Sarmatian society at the end of the 2nd - first half of the 3rd century A.D. Most of these graves are dating back to the first half of the 3rd century A.D and were found in the Low Don and in the Volga region. The situation in these regions changed in that period due to the invasion of the tribes of the North-Caucasian origin. Their occurrence is associated with the destruction of the Tanais in the Lower Don region and the spread of graves in the T-shaped catacombs in the steppe monuments. The tradition of burying warriors-horsemen of high social status almost disappears in the Volga-Don steppes after the middle of 3rd century A.D. In the Southern Urals where these processes had an indirect influence, the existence of traditional hierarchies of Late Sarmatian society could continue until the end of the 3rd century A.D. Among the parts of a horse bridle the researchers discovered bronze B-shape buckle. These buckles are widely distributed in the 4th-5th centuries A.D. in the basin of the Kama river and the Danube river. The found buckle is the earliest currently known sample of this type.

Key words: The Southern Urals, Sarmatians, Late Sarmatian culture, professional warriors, nomads, elite burial, military elite.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Late Sarmatian Elite Military Burial From the Southern Urals by Krivosheev M.V., Lukpanova Ya.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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