MALYSHEVA E.M., GARAZHA N.A. “From the Soviet Information Bureau...”: on Information Confrontation of the USSR and Germany During the Great Patriotic War. 1941-1945


Elena Mikhaylovna Malysheva

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor,

Department of World History, Historiography, Theory and Methodology of History,

Adygea State University

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Pervomayskaya St., 208, 385000 Maykop, Russian Federation

Nataliya Alekseevna Garazha

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor,

Department of Philosophy, History and Law,

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (Novorossiysk Branch)

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Vidova St., 56, 353907 Novorossiysk, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article gives an overview of information confrontation between the USSR and the Third Reich in 1941-1945 in the struggle for the mass consciousness of the civilian population and combatants, shows opposite axiological priorities and forms of propaganda and counter-propaganda of the opposing sides.

Of particular interest is the analysis of the struggle for social consciousness, with emphasis on Soviet nationalities policy and the ethnic component of the German occupation regime in the Caucasus. On the one hand, the study and implementation of the thesis about the intellectual, psychosocial and physiological superiority of one people over the other as a natural, more like moral norm was largely propaganda separation of people in order to facilitate the management and maximize the impact of the labor and other forms of cooperation. On the other hand, certain conflict zones, updated by the Nazis in the period between the nations, proved to be viable due to the historical, religious or socio-cultural tension.

Nevertheless, it supported the idea that the social consciousness of the peoples of the USSR was based on the belief in a just character of the war, and the victory was the main  source of patriotism and interethnic community of Defenders of the Fatherland, which became the basis of resistance and the subsequent defeat of concerted action advocacy program of Nazi Germany. Soviet propaganda skillfully maintained the spirit of unity and protest accumulated effect for the benefit of the people striving for victory over the invaders of his native land. At the same time without contradiction between the spirit and the word of propaganda; the actions of the government and the people.

Today, when it is necessary to overcome the historical “amnesia, revisionists try to revive and resuscitate the memory of turning historical events, to achieve their objective assessment of the integrity and historical continuity outlook of the people and adequate ideological position of power, including in the field of information policy, especially relevant in research practice.

Key words: information, propaganda, consciousness, outlook, axiological values, counterpropaganda, historical memory, revisionism.

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“From the Soviet Information Bureau...”: on Information Confrontation of the USSR and Germany During the Great Patriotic War. 1941-1945 by Malysheva E.M., Garazha N.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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