PARAMONOV V.N. Social Status of Working Youth at Enterprises of the RSFSR in 1941-1945


Vyacheslav Nikolaevich Paramonov

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor,

Department of History and Philosophy of Science,

Samara State Aerospace University named after S.P. Korolev (National Research University)

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Moskovskoe shosse St., 34, 443086 Samara, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article is devoted to a relatively little-known problem in historical science – the social situation of young workers in industrial enterprises of the RSFSR during the Great Patriotic War. In the period under review socialization of boys and girls was accelerated. The shortage of youth labor force has become a major source of replenishment of the workforce of the industrial enterprises. In wartime the state faced the task of compensating the effects of adverse social conditions, the elimination of obstacles to the normal socialization of youth, its full entry into adulthood. It has been associated with the work of the Komsomol party, trade union organizations of patriotic, international, labor education of young people, for the prevention of youth crime, to ensure the adaptation of young people in enterprises meeting minimum social requirements. During the war years social hierarchy rendered inverted young commanded older age. Big shortage of staff led to the fact that the Komsomol party, trade union organizations have promoted young workers through the ranks, even against their own will and the lack of education. This urged part of the youth to support the government and actively participate in the implementation of government objectives. The social situation of young workers during the Great Patriotic War, reflected in their content of the negative impact of extreme conditions of war: the weakening of family ties and the continuity of generations, limited access to education, forced migration, forced character of labor, progressive increase in prices, falling living standards, reducing the degree of social protection. Rigid administrative consolidation of the Soviet population residing in settlements and businesses made it impossible to the natural migration of young people. A characteristic is limited and often complete absence, to meet the most urgent needs of material and social nature. The extreme deterioration of working and living conditions of young people often are caused by business leaders and local authorities, who, referring to wartime difficulties, almost ceased to deal with the social sphere.

Key words: Great Patriotic War, young people, material and domestic supply, rear, enterprises, youth socialization, historiography.

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Social Status of Working Youth at Enterprises of the RSFSR in 1941-1945 by Paramonov V.N. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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