KOMETCHIKOV I.V. Recreation Centers in the Daily Leisure of the Population of Central Non-Black Earth Region Countryside, Mid 1950s – Early 1960s

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2014.6.2

Kometchikov Igor Vyacheslavovich

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Department of History,

Kaluga State University named after K.E. Tsiolkovsky

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Stepana Razina St., 26, 248023 Kaluga, Russian Federation


Abstract. In the mid 1950s  early 1960s the authorities make the effort to overcome material and technological underdevelopment of rural clubs in Central Nechernozemye and to increase the effectiveness of organization of the daily leisure of population by these institutions. In opposition to the departmental structure of the cultural and educational resources, the emphasis is made on the formation of the net of typical public rural clubs, which was combined with the main links of the enlarged collective farm production; on the rise of outer budget financing and the development of public initiative in the process of club functioning. However, under the circumstances of economic weakness of the most part of collective farms in Central Nechernozemye, the reforms lead not to interdepartmental model of solving the problems of the village culture and the enlargement of the range of club leisure, but to the replacement of its complicated verbal forms by the uniformity of cinema, radio and television broadcasts, and as a result to the strengthening of the authorities control over rural clubs. Their potential as of versatile village leisure centres is vanishing day by day, and is replaced by both family leisure and social deviations.

Key words: village of Central Nechernozemye, cultural and educational institutions, reading rooms, rural clubs, culture of a collective farm village, leisure, daily routine.

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Recreation Centers in the Daily Leisure of the Population of Central Non-Black Earth Region Countryside, Mid 1950s – Early 1960s by Kometchikov I.V.  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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