SIDOROV S.G. Influence of World Wars on the Development of International Law on War Prisoners


Sidorov Sergey Grigoryevich

Doctor of Sciences (History), Professor, Vice-Rector,

Volgograd State University

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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation

Abstract. The Regulations on laws and customs of land warfare of 1907 that existed during World War I did not protect war prisoners. The tragic experience forced us to return tothe problem of protection of the rights of the victims of war. The Geneva Convention on the war prisoners of 1929 was the first document of international law in which the status of war prisoners was determined in detail. The Soviet Union did not join the states which had signed the Convention, and during the World War II it was guided by its national legislation confirmed by the Soviet Government on July 1, 1941. On the whole, the items of the Regulations on War Prisoners adopted in 1941 corresponded to the Geneva Convention. But non-recognition of the international convention provided the heads of fascist Germany with the reason for inhuman treatment of the Soviet captives. Serious consequences of war compelled the world community to pay the closest attention to the issues of military captivity again. On August 12, 1949 in Geneva the Soviet Union joined the new Convention on prisoners.

Key words: International Law, Prisoners of War, Geneva Conventions on the Treatment of Prisoners of War, Soviet Regulations on Prisoners of War, World War II.

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Influence of World Wars on the Development of International Law on War Prisoners by Sidorov S.G. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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