PIYUK T.G. Wladimir Krzyzanowski, Polish Hero of the Civil War in the USA

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2014.2.6 

Piyuk Tatyana Gennadyevna

Candidate of Sciences (History), Assistant Professor, Department of History and Theory of Social Development and Law,

Uryupinsk Branch of Volgograd State University

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Krasnogvardeyskaya St., 13A, 403115 Uryupinsk, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article is dedicated to the young Polish revolutionist Wladimir Krzyzanowski who emigrated from Great Poland to the US after failed uprising in 1846 against Prussia in order to avoid possible arrest. He went to Hamburg, Germany and sailed from there to the United States.W. Krzyzanowski managed to become a successful and prosperous businessman and politician, and he was lucky in his personal life, he married a girl with a name and a significant dowry. He considered slavery not only anachronistic, but also a disgrace to the young state, and at the same time, he admired American democracy and American people. In Washington he recruited the company of Polish immigrants which became one of the first companies of Union Soldiers. Krzyzanowski then moved his company to New York and enlisted more immigrants and soon became a Colonel of the 58th Infantry Division, listed in the official Army Register as the “Polish Legion”. He participated in the Civil War battles of Cross-Keys, Bull Run, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. “Polish Legion”, led by Krzyzanowski, made himself famous in the main battle at Gettysburg. Subsequently, the memorial of granite was erected to legion in the immediate vicinity of the city.The author’s attention was attracted by the eccentric
personality of the Pole, known in Poland and in America. In her work she explores Krzyzanowski’s life and service to the American people.

Key words: Great Poland, uprising, emigration, USA, Civil War in the USA, Polish Legion, Brigadier-General.

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Wladimir Krzyzanowski, 123 Polish Hero of the Civil War in the USA by Piyuk T.G. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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