KOTLYAR N.V. The Establishment of Public Organizations in the Far East at the End of 19th – Beginning of 20th Century: Legal Norms and Practice

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2014.2.3 

Kotlyar Nadezhda Vasilyevna
Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Department of World Economy and International Relations,

Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service

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Gogolya St., 41, 690014 Vladivostok, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article studies the process of changing the juridical status of legal public organizations in pre-revolutionary Russia, the main stages of legal order in establishing public organizations (non-professional, non-profit), as well as problems and solutions in the scope of administrative practice. The author reveals the main stages of administrative order formation
in the process of establishing a public organization in the Far East, the regional peculiarities of implementing the legal provisions which regulate the creation and activity of associations,
as well as the mechanism of officials’ activity in the Far East with regard to public initiatives. The author emphasizes the following problems in administrative practice: the absence of
clearly defined principle of legality due to the absence of corresponding statute, the contradictory relations between government and legislative bodies, excessive strictness of the pre-revolutionary law. The author makes conclusion that the process of unions’ freedom realization is characterized by non-Oriental features and represents the attempt to create a new model of relations between the state and public organizations, aimed at solving social problems by relying on the support of local population. The foundations of forming the modern state policy provide a framework of legal and state associations. The article material is of interest to those who study the history of state and law in Russia and the history of public organizations in the Far East.
Key words: public organizations, unions (associations), pre-revolutionary law, history of the Far East.

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