NELIN T.V. American Education Policy Towards Indian Tribes (the End of the 18th – Beginning of 19th Century)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2014.1.6   

Nelin Timur Vladimirovich

Candidate of Sciences (History), Associate Professor, Department of International Relations and Foreign Area Studies, Deputy Director, Center of American Studies “Americana”,

Volgograd State University

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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. This article studies the policy of the first presidential administrations of the USA in relation to the Native Americans. The policy was established during the period of George Washington’s presidency. The key factor of this policy was the education of aboriginals, the inurement of skills necessary for the integration with white people. The development of trade relations between nations became the beginning of this process. Trade relations required competent management and special laws regulating the process of trade and intercourse with the Native Americans. Government trading houses (factories) had to urge the process of civilization.

The author shows the influence of the Enlightenment philosophy of Thomas Jefferson on his idea to educate the aboriginals. The close attention is paid not only to the political views of the third president of the USA, but also to his activity in the process of realizing the educational policy towards the Natives. Educational programs had a purpose to integrate aboriginal tribes into the US society. It was uneasy task and the government tried to find more constructive forms of working instead of common trade and intercourse acts with the Indians.

The Louisiana Purchase gave new opportunities for developing the federal policy. Lewis and Clark explored the West and collected comprehensive information about its tribes, their habits and way of life. It was very useful for the government in its idea to civilize the indigenous peoples. The author studies the letters of Thomas Jefferson to some American politics and to the Natives, that the president wrote about his plans about the future of the American Indians.

Revival movement of the Second Great Awaking found good allies for the US government. The author shows the role of protestant missionaries in the educational policy of the USA towards the Natives.

Key words: USA, education policy, American Indians, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson.

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American Education Policy Towards Indian Tribes (the End of the 18th – Beginning of 19th Century) by NELIN T.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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