BESPROZVANNYKH E.L. Thomas Manning’s observations on Tibet-Chinese relations in the early XIX century


Besprozvannykh Eugeny Leonidovich

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor, Department of Archeology and Foreign History,

Volgograd State University

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Abstract. Manning’s travel to Tibet in the XIX century is observed in the article, based on his traveling journal which contains important information about Chinese governing in the «Country of Snow» during the mentioned period. The author considers the travel as a scientific expedition, not as a stroke luck of a brave man. Manning’s observations of Tibet-Chinese relations presents a scientific value as his visit caused a «closing down» final of Tibet for Europeans.

Key words: Tibet, Dalai Lama, Ambans, Ch’ing Empire, China, Lhasa, xenophobia, officialdom, missionaries. 

Лицензия Creative Commons

Thomas Manning’s observations  on Tibet-Chinese relations in the early XIX century by BESPROZVANNYKH E.L. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.  

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