SINGUWA C., HONRADA G. Regional Security Integration in the SADC Region

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2023.4.15

Chimuka Singuwa

Postgraduate Student,

Department of Theory and History of International Relations;

Assistant,

Department of Foreign Languages, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia named after Patrice Lumumba (RUDN University),

Miklukho-Maklaya St, 6, 117198 Moscow, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0812-9234

Gabriel Honrada

Postgraduate Student, Assistant,

Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia named after Patrice Lumumba (RUDN University),

Miklukho-Maklaya St, 6, 117198 Moscow, Russian Federation

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6810-2650


Abstract. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is one of Africa’s most vivid examples of security integration. As the regional group aspires to promote political and economic independence, peace and security are considered indispensable for regional development, as instability in one member state could harm neighboring countries.

Methods and materials. Relevant literature was critically analyzed, and the study adopted a secondary data collection method as an approach. Using the theory of security communities and theories of integration, this paper analyzed the historical security cooperation between the countries in the region as the first step towards regional integration in Southern Africa, that is, the restraining of the apartheid regime in South Africa.

Analysis. The analysis further focused on establishing and evolving the Organ on Politics, Defense, and Security (OPDS) and its institutional relationship with the SADC Summit.

Results. The findings showed that SADC faced more internal challenges than external ones, which led to regional integration. Leading factors in the lack of peace and security were armed conflict, legacy of violence, and poor governance, among others. SADC envisioned peace and security through the adopted Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ (SIPO). The author concludes that the SADC Summit and the OPDS are the leading platforms for managing security issues in the SADC region.

Key words: SADC, OPDS, integration, security, community, Southern Africa.

Citation. Singuwa C., Honrada G. Regional Security Integration in the SADC Region. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2023, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 192-201. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2023.4.15.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Regional Security Integration in the SADC Region by Singuwa C., Honrada G. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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