КОЗЛЯКОВ В.Н. Военные действия польско-литовского гарнизона в Москве против Первого земского ополчения в начале 1611 года

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.3 

Вячеслав Николаевич Козляков

Доктор исторических наук, профессор кафедры истории России,

Рязанский государственный университет им. С.А. Есенина,

ул. Свободы, 46, 390000 г. Рязань, Российская Федерация

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Abstract. Introduction. The article is devoted to the study of the military confrontation between the PolishLithuanian garrison and the Zemstvo forces to counter the organization of the First Zemstvo Militia led by P.P. Lyapunov in early 1611.

Methods and materials. Information is analyzed from the previously unknown manuscript of the Diary of the Campaign of King Sigismund III recently introduced into the scientific circulation of materials from the “Russian Archive of Jan Sapieha”, the translation of “The Diary of Jan Peter Sapieha”, royal messenger Jan Komorowski’s report on the uprising in Moscow on March 19, 1611 and the Embassy book on relations between Russia and Poland 1615–1616.

Analysis. The ways and goals of the Zemstvo self-organization, begun by Ryazan voyevoda P.P. Lyapunov, are shown and the centers of gathering forces are described. The article reveals the activities of head of the Moscow garrison A. Gosevsky in disrupting the unification movement of the former supporters of Tsar Vasily Shuisky and False Dmitry II, and suppressing the uprising in Moscow to gain a military advantage during the siege of Moscow by militias. Among the measures taken by the Polish-Lithuanian side there was the weakening of the streltsy troops in the Moscow garrison, and the disarmament of the townspeople; an attempt to make a coalition with the impostor hetman Jan Peter Sapega; blocking the main roads along which the militia could move to Moscow. By the order of A. Gosevsky, a campaign was organized for the joint ratification of boyar Prince I.S. Kurakin and the Polish-Lithuanian forces to Vladimir. A well-known role was played by the “Cherkasy” (Cossacks) detachments, who committed a punitive expedition to “Ukrainian cities”, which explains the absence of individual military units from this part of the Moscow State in the First Zemstvo Militia.

Results. The main military attack was in Moscow on March 19, 1611, which led to the uprising of the inhabitants of Moscow supported by partisans of the First Zemstvo Militia, who at that moment found themselves in Moscow. The consequence of these events was the beginning of the liberation war in Russia.

Key words: First Zemstvo militia, Polish-Lithuanian garrison in Moscow, A. Gosevsky, J.P. Sapega, P.P. Lyapunov, uprising in Moscow on March 19, 1611, negotiations with Polish-Lithuanian ambassadors in 1615.

Citation. Kozlyakov V.N. Military Operations of the Polish-Lithuanian Garrison in Moscow Against the First Zemstvo Militia in Early 1611. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [Science Journal of Volgograd State University. History. Area Studies. International Relations], 2021, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 23-32. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu4.2021.1.3.

Лицензия Creative Commons

Произведение «Военные действия польско-литовского гарнизона в Москве против Первого земского ополчения в начале 1611 года», созданное автором по имени Козляков В.Н., публикуется на условиях лицензии Creative Commons «Attribution» («Атрибуция») 4.0 Всемирная.

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